Republicans controlled the White House for eight years and both the White House and Congress for six years, yet they never undertook any serious legislation to reform health care. As a result, costs soared, bankruptcies due to medical costs jumped by fifty percent and now, and Americans pay a “hidden tax” of $1,100. Senate Democrats are committed to health insurance reform that will curb the rising costs of health care for American families and American businesses.
What Happened to Health Care Under Republican Control?
Americans Paid a Significant Hidden Tax. In 2005, Dr. Kenneth Thorpe measured the impact on health insurance premiums of care for the uninsured, finding that family health insurance premiums were $922 higher due to this cost shift. A recent study updated Dr. Thorpe’s work, finding that in 2009, premiums for family coverage are a national average of $1,100 higher than they would otherwise be. The financial impact of the uninsured on health insurance premiums rose by 19 percent in just four years. [Families USA, 6/2005; B. Furnas and P. Harbage, 3/2009]
Premiums Doubled. Over the past nine years, premiums for employer-sponsored health insurance have more than doubled, a growth rate six times faster than cumulative wage increases. [Kaiser Family Foundation/Health Research and Educational Trust, accessed 10/1/2009]
Administrative Costs Soared. Between 2000 and 2006, the amount of money health insurers spent on administrative costs jumped from $264 per enrollee to $453 per enrollee, a 72 percent increase. [Kaiser Family Foundation, 1/1/2008]
Health Care Costs Consumed Thirty-Three Percent of American Adults’ Income. In 2001, 21 percent of American adults spent 10 percent of their income on health expenses. Six years later, that rate increased by more than half, with 33 percent of Americans dedicating such a high portion of their income to health care bills. [Commonwealth Fund, 8/2008]
Bankruptcies Due to Medical Costs Jumped Fifty Percent. In 2001, 46 percent all Americans filing for bankruptcy – two million people – pointed to medical costs as a reason for their filing. Under a conservative definition of medical bankruptcy, 62 percent of all bankruptcies in 2007 were due to medical costs. Using detailed data, researchers found that the rate of medical bankruptcy increased by 50 percent between 2001 and 2007. [D.U. Himmelstein, et al, Health Affairs, 2/2/05; D. U. Himmelstein, et al, The American Journal of Medicine, 2009]
Twenty-Eight Percent of Americans Acquired Medical Debt. A recent study reported that 49 million people, or 28 percent of the population, said they were paying off medical debt in 2007, up from 21 percent in 2005. Of those, one-quarter (24 percent) were carrying $4,000 or more in debt and 12 percent had debts $8,000 or more. [The Commonwealth Fund, 8/2008]
Cost of Prescription Drugs Jumped Dramatically. Total spending on prescription drugs jumped from $120.6 billion in 2000 to $216.7 billion in 2006. Average retail prescription prices rose by 6.9 percent each year from 1997 to 2007, jumping from $35.72 to $69.91, more than two and a half times the annual inflation rate over the same period. [A. Catlin, et al, Health Affairs, 2/2008]
Fewer Firms Now Offer Coverage. The percentage of non-elderly individuals with employment-based health benefits decreased from 68.4 percent in 2000 to 62.2 percent in 2007. Americans employed by small businesses fared worse over the same period, as the percentage of small businesses offering health insurance coverage to their employees dropped from 68 percent to 59 percent. [Employee Benefit Research Institute, 9/2008; Kaiser Family Foundation/Health Research and Educational Trust, accessed 7/25/2009]
Total Health Spending Increased Fifty-Five Percent. Between 2000 and 2007, the United States’ per person spending on health care jumped from $4,789 to $7,421, an increase of 55 percent in just seven years. Over the same period, health care costs consumed an increasing share of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), rising from 13.8 percent to 16.2 percent. Growth in health expenditures substantially exceeded growth in the GDP between 2000 and 2007; the GDP grew by five percent, while national health expenditures grew by 7.5 percent. [Kaiser Family Foundation, 3/2009]
America Lost Economic Value Due to the Uninsured. In 2003, the Institute of Medicine estimated the United States lost between $65 billion and $130 billion due to the poorer health and shorter lives of the uninsured. A more recent study estimates that the U.S. economy will lose between $124 billion and $248 billion this year due to the “uninsured Americans who live shorter lives and have poorer health.” [Institute of Medicine, 6/2003; Center for American Progress, 5/29/2009]
Who Profited from Republican Control?
Insurance Companies and CEOs Racked Up High Profits and Salaries. In 2000, the 10 largest publicly traded health insurance companies had profits of $2.4 billion. By 2007, profits at those firms had jumped to $12.9 billion, a 428 percent increase. In 2007, CEO salaries at these firms were $118.6 million, or $11.9 million each.[Health Care for America Now, 5/2009]
Prescription Drug Companies’ Profits Soared. In 2007, prescription drug companies had a profit margin of 15.8%.The same year, profit margins at all Fortune 500 firms were 5.7 percent.[Kaiser Family Foundation, 9/2008]
What Will Happen if Fail to Enact Health Insurance Reform?
Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Rates Will Plummet. A report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and Urban Institute on the cost of failing to enact health insurance reform found that within ten years, all states will see rates of those with employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) fall, and “Half of the states would see the number of people with ESI coverage fall by more than 10 percent.” [RWJF/Urban Institute, 9/30/2009]
Premiums Will Nearly Double. Those fortunate enough to have employer-sponsored health insurance will spend nearly twice what they current pay for the insurance. A recent study estimates that by 2016, the average cost of family employer-sponsored health insurance will top $24,000, an 83 percent increase over 2008 premium levels. [New America Foundation, 11/2008]
State Spending on Medicaid and CHIP Will Rise. Under a worst-case scenario, every state will experience a 75 percent increase in Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) spending, and half the states would see these costs rise by 100 percent. [RWJF/Urban Institute, 9/30/2009]
Uncompensated Care Will Double. Failure to enact health insurance reform will cause 45 states to spend twice their current spending amount on uncompensated care, under a worst-case scenario. Furthermore, “Even in the best case, uncompensated care would increase by more than 50 percent in 48 states.” [RWJF/Urban Institute, 9/30/2009]
In Over Half the States, Number of Uninsured Will Grow by 30 Percent. In the next ten years, 29 states will experience a 30 percent increase in the number of people without insurance, and all states will experience at least a 10 percent increase in the uninsured. [RWJF/Urban Institute, 9/30/2009]
American Businesses Will Double Spending on Health Care. Within ten years, businesses in 27 states will see their premiums more than double. Even under the best-case scenario, businesses in 46 states will experience a 60 percent increase in health insurance premiums. [RWJF/Urban Institute, 9/30/2009]