Senate Democrats

Senate Substitute Amendment to H.R. 2847, the Departments of Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

Summary

During the week of October 5, the Senate is expected to begin consideration of H.R.2847, theDepartments of Commerce and Justice, and Science and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.  As is customary with appropriations bills, the first amendment in order is the Senate substitute amendment.  The Senate Amendment to H.R.2847 wouldappropriate $64.93 billion in non-emergency discretionary spending, including overseas contingencies.  This amount is $7.27 billion above the 2009 enacted level, excluding any supplemental funding provided in 2009 via the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (“Recovery Act appropriations”) and the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 (“supplemental appropriations”) (together, “emergency appropriations”).  This amount is $313.76 million above President Obama’s Fiscal Year 2010 budget request.

With the goal of both preparing the nation to be competitive in a 21st Century global economy and protecting it against terrorism and violent crime, H.R.2847 includes appropriations for the Department of Commerce, including the Bureau of the Census; the Department of Justice, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and funding for state and local law enforcement; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); the National Science Foundation; the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC); and the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR). 

This Legislative Bulletin summarizes the major provisions of the Senate Amendment to H.R.2847 and draws from the Senate Appropriations Committee report (S. Rept. 111-34), the committee summary, the amendment text, and the Congressional Research Service report (R40644).  Certain amounts in this report have been rounded.  Please see the Committee report or amendment text for a full explanation.

Major Provisions

Title I: Department of Commerce

Title I of the Senate amendment to H.R.2847 would provide $14.04 billion for the Department of Commerce.  This amount is $4.78 billion above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding emergency appropriations, and $254.5 million above the President’s budget request.  The majority of the increase from Fiscal Year 2009 can be attributed to preparations for the 2010 Census. 

International Trade Administration (ITA). The Senate Amendment would provide $446.27 million for ITA, which is $25.83 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and $6 million above the President’s budget request.  ITA seeks to strengthen U.S. competitiveness, promote trade and investment, provide analytical support for ongoing trade agreements, and ensure fair trade and compliance with trade laws and agreements. 

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS). The Senate Amendment would provide $100.34 million for the BIS, which is $16.67 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  BIS is the principal agency involved in the development, implementation, and enforcement of laws controlling the exportation of dual-use technologies (technologies that have both civilian and military applications).  This funding increase will help strengthen export enforcement to prevent the illicit procurement of items made in the United States that would threaten national security.   

Economic Development Administration (EDA).  The Senate Amendment would provide $238 million for the EDA, which is $34.8 million below the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding emergency appropriations, which totaled $190 million.  The amount is $46 million below the budget request. The EDA provides grants aimed at economic development projects that stimulate employment and increase incomes economically-distressed communities and regions. 

Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA).  The Senate Amendment would provide $31.2 million for the MBDA, which is $1.38 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $200,000 above the President’s budget request.  The MBDA coordinates the federal government’s minority business programs and seeks to help minority business owners become first- or second-tier suppliers to private corporations and the federal government. 

Economic and Statistical Analysis (ESA).  The Senate Amendment would provide $100.6 million for the ESA, which is $9.98 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level but $4.4 million below the budget request.   ESA prepares, develops, and interprets information on the state of the economy and provides analytical support to Commerce officials.  The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), which provides economic accounts data to promote a better understanding of the U.S economy, is funded in this account.

Bureau of the Census. The Senate Amendment would provide $7.32 billion for the Census Bureau, which is $3.18 billion above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $1 billion.  The amount is $50 million below the budget request.  Each year, the Bureau collects, compiles, and publishes a broad range of economic, demographic, and social data.  Every ten years, the Bureau conducts a constitutionally required population census to serve as the basis for reapportioning seats in the House of Representatives.  The large increase will be used to conduct the next census in 2010. 

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).  The Senate Amendment would provide $40 million for the NTIA, which is $781,000 above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, not including Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $5.35 billion.  The amount is $20 million above the President’s budget request, which encompasses unrequested funding for Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning, and Construction.  NTIA advises the President on domestic and international communications policy, manages the federal government’s use of the radio frequency spectrum, and performs research in telecommunications sciences. 

United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). The PTO, which examines and approves applications for patents for claimed inventions and registration of trademarks, is funded by user fees collected from customers that are designated as "offsetting collections" and subject to spending limits established by Congress.  The Senate Amendment would give the PTO authority to spend $1.93 billion, which is $79.74 million below the Fiscal Year 2009 level but equal to the budget request. 

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).  The Senate Amendment would provide $878.8 million for the NIST, which is $59.8 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $32.7 million above the President’s budget request.  Within this account, $520.3 million is provided for scientific and technical research and services, which is $48.3 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $220 million, and $14.3 million below the budget request.  NIST assists industry in developing technology to improve product quality, modernize manufacturing processes, ensure product reliability, and facilitate rapid commercialization of products based on new scientific discoveries.  NIST has assisted in the development of electricity standards, navigation systems for aviation, and modern-day mammograms and semiconductors.  This account includes funding for the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Program ($124.7 million) and the Technology Innovation Program ($69.9 million), both amounts represent increases over the Fiscal Year 2009 level and match the President’s budget request. 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).  The Senate Amendment would provide $4.77 billion for NOAA, which is $407.62 million above Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $830 million.  The amount is $299 million above the President’s budget request.  NOAA provides scientific, technical, and management expertise to: 1) promote safe and efficient marine and air navigation; 2) assess the health of coastal and marine resources; 3) monitor and predict the coastal, ocean, and global environments (including weather forecasting; and 4) protect and manage the nation’s coastal resources.  The Senate Amendment includes:

·         $511.55 million f or the National Ocean Service;

·         $872.37 million for the National Marine Fisheries Service;

·         $419.78 million for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Research;

·         $889.12 million for the National Weather Service;

·         $176.1 million for the National Environmental Satellite, Date, and Information Service; and    

·         443.24 million for Program Support.

Title II – Department of Justice

Title II of the Senate Amendment to H.R.2847 would provide $27.39 billion for the Department of Justice (DOJ), which is $1.3 billion above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding emergency appropriations, and $311.38 million above the President’s budget request. 

The DOJ is the nation’s premier law enforcement agency, investigating, prosecuting, and guarding against civil or criminal crimes against the United States.  The department also provides legal advice and opinions to the President and executive branch department heads and represents the federal government in civil and criminal proceedings before the Supreme Court. 

Major DOJ agencies include: United States Attorneys, United States Marshals, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF), and the Federal Prison System. 

General Administration.  The National Drug Intelligence Center, Justice Information Sharing Technology program, and the Tactical Law Enforcement Wireless Communications program are included in this account.  The Senate Amendment, would not, however, provide for the intelligence center.  It would provide $95 million for the technology program, which is $15 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $28.61 million below the budget request.  It would also provide $206.14 million for the wireless communications program, which is $21.14 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $1 million above the budget request.  

Administrative Review and Appeals (ARA).  Still within the General Administration account, the Senate Amendmentwould provide $300.69 million for ARA, which is $30.69 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The ARA account covers the Executive Office for Immigration Review, which includes the Board Immigration Appeals, immigration judges, and administrative law judges who deal with immigration issues.  The ARA account also funds the Office of the Pardon Attorney, which receives, investigates, and considers petitions for all forms of executive clemency. 

Detention Trustee.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $1.44 billion for the Office of the Federal Detention Trustee, which is $143.34 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $60 million.  The amount is, however, equal to the budget request.  This office ensures that federal agencies involved in detention provide for the safe, secure, and humane confinement of federal prisoners. 

Office of the Inspector General (IG).  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $84.37 million for the IG’s office, including overseas contingency operations, which is $8.69 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $2 million after rescissions.  The amount is, however, equal to the budget request.  This office conducts audits, inspections, investigations, and reviews of DOJ activities and programs in an effort to promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness and prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse.  The IG also investigates ethical violations of DOJ employees.  This bill’s budget increases for the IG would be aimed at enabling the IG to continue investigating the FBI National Security Letter issue.

United States Parole Commission.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $12.86 million for the Commission, which is $289,000 above the 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The commission is an independent DOJ agency that makes decisions regarding requests for parole and supervision of federal prisoners

Legal Activities.  The Senate Amendment would provide $875.1 million for the general legal activities account, including overseas contingency operations, which is $71.1 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $1.65 million.  The amount is, however, equal to the budget request.  This account funds the Office of the Solicitor General, the Tax Division, the Criminal Division, the Civil Division, the Environmental and Natural Resources Division, the Civil Rights Division, the Office of Legal Counsel, and Interpol.

Separate from the divisions listed above, the Senate Amendmentwould provide $163.17 million for the Antitrust Division account, which is $5.38 million above the 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  This division investigates violations of federal antitrust laws.  This allocation would be offset by $102 million in pre-merger filing fee collections, which leaves the direct appropriation at $61.17 million.

United States Attorneys.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $1.93 billion for this account, which is $89.67 million above the 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $15 million.  The amount, however, is equal to the budget request.  The account supports the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys and the 94 U.S. Attorneys offices throughout the country.  U.S. Attorneys (USAs) are the principal litigators for the federal government. 

United States Trustee System Fund.  The Senate Amendment would provide $224.49 million for this account, which is $7.07 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The Trustee System Fund is responsible for protecting the integrity of the bankruptcy system. 

Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.  The Senate Amendment would provide $2.11 million for this account, which is $294,000 above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The Commission settles claims of citizens arising from nationalization, expropriation, or other takings of their properties and interests by foreign governments. 

Community Relations Service.  The Senate Amendment would provide $11.48 million for this account, which is $1.6 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  This service provides assistance to communities and individuals in the prevention and resolution of disputes relating to perceived discriminatory practices.  This account will fund activities authorized by the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act (P.L. 110-344).

Assets Forfeiture Fund.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $20.99 million for this account, which is equal to both the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and the President’s budget request.  The Fund supplements existing resources to cover additional investigative expenses of the FBI, DEA, and USMS, such as investigative expenses leading to seizure.  The Fund also covers expenses related to the management and disposal of assets.  The activities are funded by receipts deposited into the Fund from seizure and liquidation of assets.

United States Marshals Service (USMS).  The Senate Amendment would provide $1.13 billion for the salaries and expenses account of USMS, not including construction, which is $175.76 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and $12.63 million below the budget request, due to the construction being funded in a separate account.  The Senate Amendment would provide $26.63 million for USMS construction, which is $22.63 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request when the $12.63 million that was requested in the salaries and expenses account for construction is added. 

The USMS is charged with the responsibility of apprehending fugitives, protecting the federal judiciary, protecting witnesses, executing warrants and court orders, and custody and transportation of accused and unsentenced prisoners.  The Senate Appropriations Committee recommends an additional $35 million above the budget request to expand Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act enforcement by hiring 100 new Deputy U.S. Marshals, including establishing the National Sex Offender Targeting Center. 

National Security Division.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $87.94 million for the Division (NSD), which is $4.15 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $1.39 million.  The amount is  equal to the budget request.  NSD coordinates the DOJ’s national security and terrorism missions through law enforcement investigations and prosecutions. 

Interagency Law Enforcement.  The Senate Amendment would provide $515 million for this account, which equal to the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and $22.51 below the budget request.  The Interagency and Drug Enforcement Account, which funds the Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces (OCDETF), was created to ensure a coordinated multi-agency approach to identifying and dismantling drug trafficking and money laundering organizations.  This account also funds the OCDETF Fusion Center, which combines the analytical resources and intelligence information of the OCDETF member agencies and others. 

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $7.67 billion for the FBI’s salaries and expenses account, including overseas contingency operations, which is $520.92 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $117.6 million.  The amount, however, is $50.12 million below the budget request due to FBI construction being funded in another account.

Included in the FBI’s non-construction account is $22 million to hire additional personnel to improve terrorist and criminal surveillance capabilities; $140.31 million for 260 positions to enhance protections against cyber threats by foreign intelligence; and $25.5 million to hire 50 new special agents and 93 professional staff to investigate mortgage fraud.  Additional funds and authorities are provided for the Criminal Justice Information Services Division, the Biometrics Technology Center, a new human rights center to track down international violators who have fled to the United States, civil rights enforcement, intellectual property rights enforcement, the Innocent Images National Initiative to combat child sexual exploitation, and the Innocence Lost Initiative to combat child trafficking.

The Senate Amendment would provide $244.92 million for FBI Construction, which is $91.42 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $102.12 million above the budget request when the amount requested in the salaries and expenses account for construction is added.

Drug Enforcement Administration.  The Senate Amendment would provide $2.01 billion for the DEA, which is $75.6 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $20 million.  The amount is, however, equal to the budget request.  $251.79 million of this allocation would come from the Drug Diversion Control Fee Account.  The DEA enforces the federal government’s controlled substances laws and regulations and attempts to reduce the availability of illicit controlled substances on the domestic and international markets. 

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.  The Senate Amendment would provide $1.11 billion for the ATF account, which is $60.56 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $14 million.  The amount is equal to the budget request.  ATF’s mission is to reduce violent crime, prevent terrorism, and protect the public by reducing criminal use and trafficking of firearms and explosives and investigating bomb and arson incidents.  The amendment also provides $6 million for construction to complete Phase Two of the National Center for Explosives Research and Training, which is equal to the budget request.

Federal Prison System.  The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for the federal prisoners and prisons, and now shares responsibilities under the Second Chance Act (funded in the OJP account) to facilitate the successful reentry of offenders into their communities.   The Senate Amendmentwould provide $6.08 billion for this account, which is $94.61 million below the 2009 enacted level, excluding supplemental appropriations.  The amount is, however, equal to the budget request.  That being said, within this account, $5.98 billion would be provided for salaries and expenses, which is $384.08 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding supplemental appropriations, which totaled $5.04 million.  That amount is also equal to the budget request. 

Also included in this account is $99.16 million for prison and detention facility construction and maintenance, which is $2.41 million above the budget request but $476.65 million below the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding supplemental appropriations, due to the completion of two major prison construction projects. 

Office on Violence Against Women.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $435 million for this office, which is $20 million above Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $225 million.  The amount is 421 million above the budget request. 

The Office of Violence Against Women (OVW) coordinates legislative and other initiatives amongst state, local, tribal, prosecutorial, advocacy, health care, and community agencies/organizations in an effort to prevent, detect, and stop violence against women, including domestic violence, sexual assault, and/or stalking.  Within this account, the Senate amendment would include: $200 million for STOP formula grants to states; $15 million for the Sexual Assault Services Program; additional funds to document and combat violence against native women; and funding for two new programs that support children and youth who are either exposed to violence in the home or in their own relationships.  

Office of Justice Programs (OJP).  The Senate Amendment would provide $1.87 billion for OJP, which is $195.5 million below the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding emergency appropriations, which totaled $2.77 billion.  The amount is, however, $292.61 million above the President’s budget request. 

The OJP account includes funding for:

  • Justice Assistance.  The legislation would provide $215 million for this program, which is equal to the 2009 enacted level and $10 million below the budget request.  This program supports state and local law enforcement by providing scientific research and evaluation, technological standards and advancements, statistics, regional information sharing, programs to assist the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, and victim notification assistance. 
  • State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance.  The bill would provide $1.16 billion for this account, which is $169.5 million below the 2009 enacted level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $2.77 billion.  The amount is, however, $431 million above the budget request.

This account includes funding for several programs, including the Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants ($510 million), State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP) ($228 million), Byrne Discretionary Grants ($178 million), Bryne Competitive Grants ($40 million, of which $2 million is for the Emmitt Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act activities), Victims of Trafficking ($15 million), Drug Courts ($40 million), Indian Assistance ($30 million), Second Chance Act activities ($50 million), State Prison Drug Treatment ($20 million), Mental Health Courts ($10 million), and Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution ($5 million).

Please see the committee report for a list of specific projects.

  • Juvenile Justice Programs.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $407 million for this account, which is $33 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and $90 million above the budget request. 

This account includes the state formula grants program ($75 million), youth mentoring grants ($100 million), Youth Incentive Grants ($65 million), Victims of Child Abused Programs ($25 million), and the Juvenile Accountability Block Grant program ($60 million). 

  • Community Oriented Policing Services.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $658.5 million for this program (COPS), which is $108 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $1 billion.  The amount is $102.5 million below the President’s budget request.  COPS has assisted state and local law enforcement agencies in combating traditional crime and responding to terrorist threats by providing grants, training, and technical assistance. 

The Senate Appropriations Committee has allocated funds in this account to cover training and technical assistance, bulletproof vests, tribal law enforcement, methamphetamine hot spots, law enforcement technology, DNA backlog/crime law improvement, the Child Sexual Predator Elimination program, the Secure Our Schools program, and offender re-entry.  The account would also provide $100 million for COPS Hiring Grants, which would support 500 new officers. 

Please see the committee report for a list of specific projects.

Title III: Science

Title III of the Senate Amendmentto H.R.2847 would provide $25.61 billion in total budgetary resources for the bill’s science related accounts, which is $1.33 billion above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding emergency appropriations, which totaled $4 billion.  The amount is $128.24 million below the budget request. 

Office of Science and Technology Policy

The Senate Amendment would appropriate $6.154 million for the Office of Science and Technology Policy which is $851,000 above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The Office of Science and Technology Policy provides scientific and technological information, analysis, and advice for the President and for the executive branch. 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

The missions of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is to advance human exploration, use, and development of space; advance and communicate scientific knowledge and understanding of the Earth, the solar system and the universe; and research, develop, verify, and transfer advanced aeronautics and space technologies. The Senate Amendmentwould provide $18.69 billion for NASA, which is $903.62 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding Recovery Act  appropriations, which totaled $1 billion.  The amount is, however, equal to the budget request. 

Science.  The Senate Amendment would provide $4.52 billion for NASA’s science account, which encompasses earth science, planetary science, heliophysics, and astrophysics. 

Aeronautics.  The Senate Amendment would provide $507 million for the Aeronautics account, which funds research in key areas related to the development of advanced aircraft technologies and systems.

Exploration.  The Senate Amendment would provide $3.94 billion for the exploration account, which funds the systems required to enable sustained human and robotic exploration of the Moon and beyond.

Space Operations.  The Senate Amendment would provide $6.16 billion for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the supporting functions required to conduct operations in space. 

Education. The Senate Amendment would further provide $140.1 million for the education account, which funds science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education activities for the next generation.

Cross -Agency Support.  The Senate Amendment would provide $3.38 billion for Agency management, including headquarters and each of the nine NASA field centers. 

Office of Inspector General.  The Senate Amendment would allocate $36.4 million for NASA’s Office of the Inspector General. 

National Science Foundation

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is the principal federal agency charged with promoting science and engineering education from pre-kindergarten through career development.  The Senate Amendmentwould distribute $6.92 billion for the NSF, which is $426.36 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $3 billion.  The amount is, however, $128.24 million below the budget request.

Research and Related Activities.  The Senate Amendmentwould spend $5.62 billion for research and related work within the NSF, which is $434.9 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $2.5 billion.  The amount is, however, $115.24 million below the budget request.  The funding provided by this account addresses NSF’s three strategic goals of: 1) developing a diverse internationally competitive and globally engaged workforce of scientists; 2) enabling discovery across the frontiers of science and engineering, connected to learning, innovation; and 3) state-of-the-art science and engineering facilities and shared research and education tools.

Major Research Equipment and Construction.  The major research equipment and facilities construction appropriation supports the acquisition, procurement, construction, and commissioning of unique national research platforms and facilities as well as major research equipment.  The Senate Amendment would allocate $122.29 million for the acquisition of major research equipment and construction activities, which is $29.72 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $400 million.  The amount is $5 million above the budget request.

Education and Human Resources.  The Senate Amendment would provide $857.76 million for a comprehensive set of programs across all levels of education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).  This amount is $12.5 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding Recovery Act appropriations, which totaled $100 million, and is equal to the budget request. 

Agency Operations and Award Management.  The Senate Amendment would provide funding for the salaries, operations, and maintenance at the NSF.  The Senate Amendment would provide $300.37 million for this account, which is $6.37 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $18 million below the budget request.

National Science Board.  The Senate Amendment would provide $4.34 million to the National Science Board – the NSF’s governing body, which is $310,000 above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and equal to the budget request. 

Inspector General.  The Senate Amendment would distribute $14 million to the NSF’s Inspector General, which is equal to the Fiscal Year 2009 level and the budget request. 

Title IV: Related Agencies

Commission on Civil Rights.  The Senate Amendment would provide $9.4 million for this account, which is $600,000 above the Fiscal Year 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights is an independent, bipartisan agency charged with monitoring federal civil rights enforcement. 

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).  The Senate Amendment would provide $367.3 million for this account, which is $23.38 million above the 2009 enacted level and equal to the budget request.  The EEOC is charged with enforcing federal employment discrimination laws, as well as providing oversight and coordination of all federal regulations, practices and policies regarding discrimination at the workplace. 

International Trade Commission (ITC).  The Senate Amendment provides $82.7 million for the International Trade Commission (ITC), which is $7.6 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and is equal to the budget request.  The ITC is an independent, quasi-judicial agency that advises the President and Congress on the impact of U.S. foreign economic policies, and, along with the Import Administration Unit of ITA, is charged with administering various U.S. trade remedy laws.

Legal Services Corporation (LSC).  The Senate Amendment would provide $400 million for payment to the LSC, which is $10 million above the 2009 enacted level and $35 million below the budget request.  The LSC provides basic legal services for low-income individuals who suddenly qualify for and need legal assistance, such as when natural or national disaster strikes.  Soldiers and their families also use these legal services.

Marine Mammal Commission (MMC).  The MMC provides oversight and recommends actions on domestic and international topics to advance policies and provisions of the Marine Mammal Protection Act.  The Commission provides precise, up-to-date scientific information to Congress on issues related to the safety of marine mammals.  The Senate Amendment would appropriate $3.25 million for the MMC, which is $50,000 above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and $250,000 above the budget request.

Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR).  The bill would provide $48.33 million for USTR, which is $1.05 million above the Fiscal Year 2009 level and equal to the President’s budget request.  USTR, located in the Executive Office of the President, is responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international trade and direct investment policies.

State Justice Institute.  The Senate Amendmentwould provide $5 million for this account, which is $900,000 above the 2009 enacted level and $131,000 below the budget request.  The Institute furthers the development and adoption of improved judicial administration in state courts. 

Legislative History

On June 25, 2009, the Senate Appropriations Committee reported H.R.2847 with an amendment in the nature of a substitute on a vote of 30 to 0, with a written report (111-34).  The Senate is expected to begin consideration of H.R.2847, the Departments of Commerce and Justice, Science and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, 2010, during the week of October 5.  The Senate substitute amendment will be the first amendment in order.  

The underlying House bill, which passed on June 18 by a vote of 259 to 157, would appropriate $64.42 billion in non-emergency discretionary spending for the total bill, which is $6.76 billion above the Fiscal Year 2009 level, excluding emergency appropriations, and $129.27 million below the budget request. 

Expected Amendments

Several amendments are expected to the Senate Amendment to H.R.2847.

Statement of Administration Policy

On October 5, the Obama Administration released a Statement of Administration Policy (SAP) strongly supporting passage of the Senate Amendment to H.R.2847.  On June 16, it released a SAP offering strong support for the passage of the underlying House bill.

CRS Reports

RL40644, Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations,  July 8, 2009.

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